Referencing the text, name 2 positive outcomes and 2 negative outcomes that come from visual electronic media use in childhood. Also referencing the text/research, if you were working with a parent who needed guidance on screen use for children, what information might you share?
Visual content, social media, and entertainment programming can be a double edged sword for developing children. Development of self-concept can be strengthened or diversified when children have access, through media, to cultures and identities outside their community. Another positive outcome of visual media learning is a broader expression of social norms, otherwise inaccessible to a child isolated in a fixed environment. Educational media content can help prepare children for formal school. Studies show internet savvy children have increased GPAs. Inversely, social interactions are the learning point which a child begins to develop a sense of their actions as they relate to others. An individual interacting with a screen representation of another person, may hinder the growth of self recognition and perspective taking ability. Screens with violent and aggressive images can increase aggressive behaviors in children. Morality is formed through human interactions and is fostered face to face, away from the screen.
For parents who rely heavily on the screen to guide their children, I would refer them to education on moral development and the importance of human relationships, daily interaction, and responsive role models. Close monitoring of content and limiting screen time can make visual media a tool rather than a detriment.